Farming in the 21st Century: New Agriculture Technology

In modern agriculture, innovation is more crucial than ever. The sector as a whole is confronted with significant issues, including growing supply costs, labor shortages, and shifting consumer desires for transparency and sustainability. Agriculture firms are increasingly recognizing the need for answers to these problems. Agriculture technology has witnessed a massive increase in investment over the previous ten years, with $6.7 billion invested in the last five years and $1.9 billion invested in the last year alone. Indoor vertical farming, automation and robotics, animal technology, and current greenhouse practice have all seen significant technological advancements.


Vertical Farming in the Home

By reducing the distance traveled in the supply chain, indoor vertical farming can enhance crop yields, overcome land constraints, and even minimize the environmental effect of farming. Indoor vertical farming is the process of producing vegetables in a closed and regulated environment, layered one on top of the other. When compared to traditional farming methods, using vertically placed growing shelves considerably reduces the amount of ground space required to cultivate plants. Because of its propensity to thrive in small spaces, this style of farming is frequently connected with city and urban farming.Some vertical farms are unique in that they do not require soil for plant growth. The majority are either hydroponic (vegetables grown in a nutrient-dense bowl of water) or aeroponic (plant roots are sprayed with water and nutrients in a systematic manner). Artificial grow lights are utilized instead of natural sunlight.Traditional farms consume up to 70% more water than vertical farms.


The benefits of indoor vertical farming are obvious, from sustainable urban growth to increasing food productivity while lowering labor expenses. Vertical farming can carefully assess year-round variables including light, humidity, and water, enhancing food output with consistent harvests. Vertical farms use up to 70% less water than typical farms, allowing for greater energy savings. Using robots to manage harvesting, planting, and logistics reduces labor costs significantly, addressing the present labor shortage in the agriculture industry.


Farm Automation

Farm automation, also known as “smart farming,” is a type of technology that makes farms more efficient by automating the crop or livestock production cycle. A growing number of companies are working on robotics innovation to create drones, self-driving tractors, robotic harvesters, automatic watering systems, and seeding robots. Despittechnolonew, the industry has seen an increase in the number of traditional agriculture companies incorporating farm automation into their processes.

Modern agriculture has been totally revolutionized by technological developments ranging from robotics and drones to computer vision software. The main purpose of farm automation technology is to take care of the more routine duties. Harvest automation, autonomous tractors, planting and weeding, and drones are just a few of the primary technology used by farms today. Farm automation technology handles important concerns such as population growth, labor shortages on farms, and shifting consumer demands. The advantages of automating traditional farming processes are enormous, as they address concerns such as consumer preferences, labor shortages, and farming’s environmental footprint.


Livestock Farming Technology

Even though it is arguably the most important, the traditional livestock industry is frequently overlooked and underserved. Livestock provides essential renewable natural resources that we rely on on a daily basis. Managing poultry farms, dairy farms, cattle ranches, and other livestock-related agribusinesses has traditionally been referred to as “livestock management.” Livestock managers are responsible for maintaining accurate financial records, supervising employees, and ensuring that animals are properly cared for and fed. Technology, on the other hand, is revolutionizing the world of livestock management, as evidenced by recent trends.In the last 8-10 years, new developments have greatly improved the sector, making tracking and controlling cattle much easier and data-driven. Nutritional technologies, genetics, digital technology, and other forms of technology can all be used to achieve this goal.


Livestock technology can help increase or improve animal and livestock productivity, welfare, and management. As more dairy herds are linked with sensors to monitor health and boost output, the concept of the “connected cow” has emerged. Individual wearable sensors on cattle can measure daily activity and health issues while also offering data-driven insights for the whole herd. All of this data is being transformed into useful, actionable insights for producers to look at quickly and easily in order to make timely management decisions.Animal genomics is the study of a living animal’s whole gene landscape and how its genes interact with one another to influence the animal’s growth and development. Genomics aids livestock farmers in determining the genetic risk of their herds and their animal’s future profitability. Cattle genomics allows farmers to enhance profitability and yields of livestock herds by being strategic with animal selection and breeding decisions.


The existing livestock sector can greatly benefit from sensor and data technologies. It can increase cattle productivity and welfare by detecting sick animals and discovering areas for improvement.Computer vision enables us to collect a wide range of impartial data that can be synthesized into useful, actionable insights. Data-driven decision-making leads to better, more efficient, and quicker decisions, which improve animal herd productivity.

new agricultural technology for 2021
new agricultural technology for 2021

In recent decades, the greenhouse sector has evolved from small-scale research and aesthetic facilities (such as botanic gardens) to much larger-scale facilities that compete directly with land-based traditional food production. The worldwide greenhouse industry generates about $350 billion in vegetables yearly, with the United States accounting for less than 1% of that total.


In recent years, the market has seen distinct patterns as it has risen substantially. Modern greenhouses are getting more technologically advanced, with LED lighting and computerized control systems used to precisely customize the growth environment. To capitalize on the ever-increasing demand for local food, successful greenhouse firms are scaling rapidly and locating their growing operations near metropolitan centres. To achieve these accomplishments, the greenhouse business is also becoming more capital-intensive, utilizing venture money and other sources to build up the infrastructure required to compete in the present market.


Precision Agriculture

Agriculture is changing, and technology is becoming an increasingly important aspect of every commercial farm. Precision agriculture businesses are developing technology that will allow farmers to optimize yields by managing every aspect in crop cultivation, such as moisture levels, insect stress, soil conditions, and micro-climates. Precision agriculture helps farmers to boost efficiency and minimize expenses by providing more precise strategies for planting and producing crops.


Precision agricultural firms have discovered a significant possibility for growth. According to a recent research by Grand View Research, Inc., the precision agriculture industry would be worth $43.4 billion by 2025.The new generation of farmers will be attracted to quicker and more flexible start-ups that will methodically maximize agricultural production.



The potential of Blockchain to keep records of ownership and resistance may be used to tackle pressing problems such food fraud, safety recalls, inefficiencies in supply chains and food traceability in the present food system. The unique decentralized structure of Blockchain ensures that certified items and methods establish a transparent premium market.


Recent discussion on food safety, in particular new progress in blockchain applications was focussed on food traceability. The whole food sector is very sensitive due to the nature of perishable foodstuffs to blunders that might eventually endanger people’s lives.In the initial phase in root cause analysis when foodborne illnesses are endangering public health, tracing the source of contamination is the key and uncertainty is unavailable.

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new agricultural technology

As a result, food supply chain traceability is crucial. Traceability is a time-consuming effort since some parties still keep track of information in paper. The present communication architecture inside the food ecosystem. The structure of blockchain makes it possible to construct an accountable and traceable system for all players through out the food value chain. Vast data points may be captured without modification using labels that explain ownership. This makes it possible to monitor the travel of a food item from farm to table in real time.

Blockchain technologies in food go beyond protecting food safety. By establishing a ledger in the network and balancing market prices, it also provides value to the present market. Rather of using the knowledge offered by the complete value chain, the conventional price mechanism for buying and selling depends on the judgements of the participating participants. Giving people access to data would result in a more complete picture of supply and demand. Traditional commodities trading and hedging might be revolutionized by the blockchain application for trades. Blockchain allows confirmed transactions to be securely shared with every participant in the food supply chain, resulting in a marketplace that is extremely transparent.


Artificial Intelligence

The growth of digital agriculture and related technologies has resulted in a plethora of new data opportunities. Remote sensors, satellites, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can collect data over an entire area 24 hours a day, seven days a week. These may keep track of plant health, soil conditions, temperature, humidity, and so forth. The volume of data generated by these sensors is mind-boggling, and the importance of the figures is obscured in the avalanche of that data.


The goal is to provide farmers a greater grasp of the situation on the ground by using modern technology (such as remote sensing) that can tell them more about their position than they can see with their own eyes.And not only more accurately, but also faster than seeing it while walking or driving through the fields.

Remote sensors allow algorithms to interpret the environment of a field as statistical data that farmers can understand and use for decision-making. Algorithms process data, adjusting and learning based on the information they receive. The more inputs and statistical data that are gathered, the better the algorithm will be in predicting a variety of events. And the idea is for farmers to employ artificial intelligence to improve their crop by making smarter judgments in the field.


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Agricultural-Engineering: Subject Review


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