High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Causes


What is the definition of blood pressure?

The blood puts pressure on the arterial walls when the heart pumps blood through them. Blood pressure is the term for this.
The pressure of blood against the walls of your arteries is known as blood pressure. Arteries are the vessels that deliver blood from your heart to the rest of your body.

Throughout the day, your blood pressure naturally rises and falls.

What do the different blood pressure readings mean?

Two numbers are used to calculate blood pressure:

The first figure, systolic blood pressure, indicates how much pressure is in your arteries when your heart beats.

The second figure, diastolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries between heartbeats.

You would say “120 over 80” or write “120/80 mmHg” if the reading was 120 systolic and 80 diastolic.


What are the typical blood pressure readings?

Blood pressure should be less than 120/80 mmHg in order to be considered normal.

You may take daily efforts to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range, regardless of your age.


What is hypertension (high blood pressure)?

High blood pressure, often known as hypertension, is a condition in which the blood pressure is greater than usual. Your blood pressure fluctuates throughout the day depending on what you do. Blood pressure readings that are regularly higher than normal might lead to a diagnosis of high blood pressure (or hypertension).

The higher your blood pressure, the greater your chance of developing additional health issues including heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.

By comparing your systolic and diastolic blood pressure values to those specified in particular recommendations, your health care team can diagnose high blood pressure and make treatment options.


The recommendations for diagnosing high blood pressure may range from one health care provider to the next:

When a patient’s blood pressure is continuously 140/90 mm Hg or greater, some health care practitioners diagnose them with high blood pressure.



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This restriction is based on a 2003 recommendation, as shown in the table below.

If a patient’s blood pressure is continuously 130/80 mm Hg or greater, other health care experts will diagnose them with high blood pressure.

This restriction is based on a 2017 recommendation, as shown in the table below.

If you’ve been diagnosed with high blood pressure, discuss your blood pressure readings with your doctor and how they influence your treatment plan.


How can you know if you have high blood pressure?

Many people are unaware that they have high blood pressure since there are no warning signs or symptoms. The only method to tell whether you have high blood pressure is to take your blood pressure.


What factors contribute to high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is a condition that often develops over time. It can occur as a result of poor lifestyle choices, such as a lack of regular physical activity. Certain medical problems, such as diabetes and obesity, might also raise the risk of high blood pressure. During pregnancy, high blood pressure is also a possibility.
What are the consequences of having high blood pressure?

High blood pressure can have a variety of negative effects on your health. It can cause catastrophic damage to vital organs such as the heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes.

The good news is that you can usually control your blood pressure and reduce your risk of significant health issues.


Heart Attacks and Cardiovascular Disease

High blood pressure damages your arteries by making them less elastic, reducing blood and oxygen flow to your heart and causing heart disease. Furthermore, decreasing blood supply to the heart might result in:


Angina is a type of chest discomfort.

A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to the heart is cut off and the heart muscle begins to die due to a lack of oxygen. The longer blood flow is restricted, the more damage the heart suffers.

Heart failure is a disorder in which your heart is unable to adequately pump blood and oxygen to your other organs.


Stroke and Mental Illness

High blood pressure can induce a stroke by causing the arteries that deliver blood and oxygen to the brain to rupture or get clogged. During a stroke, brain cells die as a result of a lack of oxygen. Strokes can cause significant impairments in speech, movement, and other fundamental functions. You can also die from a stroke.


High blood pressure is associated to worse cognitive function and dementia later in life, especially in middle age. The National Institutes of Health’s Mind Your Risks®external symbol campaign explains the relationship between high blood pressure and dementia.


Kidney Illness

Adults with diabetes, high blood pressure, or both are more likely to develop chronic renal disease than those who do not.
What is the best way to tell whether I have high blood pressure?

There’s just one way to find out whether you have high blood pressure: have it measured by a doctor or other medical practitioner. It’s simple and easy to check your blood pressure.


Speak with your doctor about taking your blood pressure at home on a regular basis, commonly known as self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring.


Because high blood pressure normally has no warning signs or symptoms, and many individuals are unaware that they have it, it is known as the “silent killer.”


What can I do to lower my blood pressure or control it?

Many persons with high blood pressure can decrease their blood pressure or keep their levels in a safe range by changing their lifestyle. Consult your health-care team about it.


Each week, engage in at least 150 minutes of physical exercise (about 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week)

Smoking cessation

Limiting sodium (salt) and alcohol consumption as part of a healthy diet

Maintaining a healthy body weight

Stress management

Find out how to control and avoid high blood pressure.


Some persons with high blood pressure need to take medicine to control their blood pressure in addition to adopting beneficial lifestyle changes. Learn more about blood pressure medications.

If you suspect you have high blood pressure or have been informed you have high blood pressure but it isn’t under control, contact your health-care provider straight once.

You may help protect yourself against heart disease and stroke, often known as cardiovascular disease, by lowering your blood pressure (CVD).


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